Note: Please, if you do have issues actually using the wine binaries built this way, post a comment -- everything is working fine on my systems but I'd like to know exactly what libraries you need to install on the target system to make Wine built in the chroot run to satisfaction.
Preamble: Building wine on Debian Wheezy amd 64 is a PITA at the moment, since some amd64 -dev packages are not co-installable with their i386 counterpart. Such an example is libfreetype6-dev:i386.
If I'm understanding this post correctly I may be confusing the idea behind multiarch vs cross-compiling:
"multiarch provides support for cross-compiling, but we don't have an amd64->i386 cross-compiler - only a biarch (multilib) compiler."
which I interpret to mean that while we generally can compile against 32 bit libs in wheezy using multiarch, it's not necessarily the way it is intended to work (I've never bother to check whether the binaries are 32 bit, or just linked against 32 bit libs). Instead, an alternative way to look at multiarch is that it supports the use of packages linked against 32 bit libs (and puts libraries in arch dependent locations), but not by necessity the compilation of 32 bit binaries (if it does, great). Or maybe I'm wrong. The bottom line is that we might have to accept compiling in a chroot, and then install the 32 bit libs on the target machine to support execution.
I've built wine using chroot in the past, but it was always with the intention of hammering out dependencies.
mkdir $HOME/tmp/architectures/wine32 cd $HOME/tmp/architectures sudo debootstrap --arch i386 wheezy $HOME/tmp/architectures/wine32 http://ftp.au.debian.org/debian/ sudo mount -o bind /proc wine32/proc sudo cp /etc/resolv.conf wine32/etc/resolv.conf sudo chroot wine32
You're now in the chroot:
apt-get update apt-get install locales sudo vim echo 'export LC_ALL="C"'>>/etc/bash.bashrc echo 'export LANG="C"'>>/etc/bash.bashrc echo '127.0.0.1 localhost beryllium' >> /etc/hosts source /etc/bash.bashrc adduser sandbox usermod -g sudo sandbox echo 'Defaults !tty_tickets' >> /etc/sudoers su sandbox cd ~/
While still in the chroot, continue (the i386 is ok; don't worry about it):
sudo apt-get install libx11-dev:i386 libfreetype6-dev:i386 libxcursor-dev:i386 libxi-dev:i386 libxxf86vm-dev:i386 libxrandr-dev:i386 libxinerama-dev:i386 libxcomposite-dev:i386 libglu-dev:i386 libosmesa-dev:i386 libglu-dev:i386 libosmesa-dev:i386 libdbus-1-dev:i386 libgnutls-dev:i386 libncurses-dev:i386 libsane-dev:i386 libv4l-dev:i386 libgphoto2-2-dev:i386 liblcms-dev:i386 libgstreamer-plugins-base0.10-dev:i386 libcapi20-dev:i386 libcups2-dev:i386 libfontconfig-dev:i386 libgsm1-dev:i386 libtiff-dev:i386 libpng-dev:i386 libjpeg-dev:i386 libmpg123-dev:i386 libopenal-dev:i386 libldap-dev:i386 libxrender-dev:i386 libxml2-dev:i386 libxslt-dev:i386 libhal-dev:i386 libcurl4-openssl-dev:i386 gettext:i386 prelink:i386 bzip2:i386 bison:i386 flex:i386 oss4-dev:i386 checkinstall:i386 ocl-icd-libopencl1:i386 opencl-headers:i386 libasound2-dev:i386 build-essential
mkdir ~/tmp cd ~/tmp wget http://prdownloads.sourceforge.net/wine/wine-1.5.27.tar.bz2 cd wine-1.5.27/ ./configure time make -j2 sudo checkinstall --install=nocheckinstall 1.6.2, Copyright 2009 Felipe Eduardo Sanchez Diaz Duran This software is released under the GNU GPL. The package documentation directory ./doc-pak does not exist. Should I create a default set of package docs? [y]: Preparing package documentation...OK Please write a description for the package. End your description with an empty line or EOF. >> wine 1.5.27 >> ***************************************** **** Debian package creation selected *** ***************************************** This package will be built according to these values: 0 - Maintainer: [ root@beryllium ] 1 - Summary: [ wine 1.5.27 ] 2 - Name: [ wine ] 3 - Version: [ 1.5.27 ] 4 - Release: [ 1 ] 5 - License: [ GPL ] 6 - Group: [ checkinstall ] 7 - Architecture: [ i386 ] 8 - Source location: [ wine-1.5.27 ] 9 - Alternate source location: [ ] 10 - Requires: [ ] 11 - Provides: [ wine ] 12 - Conflicts: [ ] 13 - Replaces: [ ]
Compilation took ca 20 minutes. Checkinstall takes a little while (In particular this step: 'Copying files to the temporary directory...').
Exit the chroot
sandbox@beryllium:~/tmp/wine-1.5.27$ exit exit root@beryllium:/# exit exit me@beryllium:~/tmp/architectures$
On your host system
Enable multiarch and install ia32-libs, since you've built a proper 32 bit binary:
sudo dpkg --add-architecture i386 sudo apt-get update sudo apt-get install ia32-libs
Copy the .deb package and install it
sudo cp wine32/home/sandbox/tmp/wine-1.5.27/wine_1.5.27-1_i386.deb . sudo chown $USER wine_1.5.27-1_i386.deb sudo dpkg -i wine_1.5.27-1_i386.deb
The tricky bit
The question is what 32 bit libs you need on the host system, if any.
ldd /usr/local/bin/wineSo far everything is working fine with ia32-libs.linux-gate.so.1 => (0x55573000) libwine.so.1 => /usr/local/bin/../lib/libwine.so.1 (0x55577000) libpthread.so.0 => /lib/i386-linux-gnu/i686/cmov/libpthread.so.0 (0x556f5000) libc.so.6 => /lib/i386-linux-gnu/i686/cmov/libc.so.6 (0x5570e000) libdl.so.2 => /lib/i386-linux-gnu/i686/cmov/libdl.so.2 (0x55871000) /lib/ld-linux.so.2 (0x55555000)
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