02 December 2013

532. TEMPer temperature monitoring USB stick on Debian Wheezy

Because the air conditioning in my office has a habit of turning itself off, and since I'm running my beowulf cluster in there, and since it's Australia, I've become interested in monitoring the temperature in my office.

The USB stick itself looks nothing special, so here's the card from the box it came in.


A colleague of mine got a TEMPer thermometer USB (0c45:7401 Microdia) back when he didn't have any air conditioning at all in his office and wanted to prove to the university that the temperature got so high that it was impossible for him to do any work on some days. He's now got air conditioning.

Anyway, plugging in the USB stick got me the following:
* /dev/hidraw5 and /dev/hidraw6 get created

* DMESG shows
[441126.932728] usb 2-4.2: new low-speed USB device number 11 using ehci-pci [441127.025790] usb 2-4.2: New USB device found, idVendor=0c45, idProduct=7401 [441127.025803] usb 2-4.2: New USB device strings: Mfr=1, Product=2, SerialNumber=0 [441127.025811] usb 2-4.2: Product: TEMPerV1.2 [441127.025818] usb 2-4.2: Manufacturer: RDing [441127.030229] input: RDing TEMPerV1.2 as /devices/pci0000:00/0000:00:02.1/usb2/2-4/2-4.2/2-4.2:1.0/input/input24 [441127.030516] hid-generic 0003:0C45:7401.000F: input,hidraw5: USB HID v1.10 Keyboard [RDing TEMPerV1.2] on usb-0000:00:02.1-4.2/input0 [441127.033234] hid-generic 0003:0C45:7401.0010: hiddev0,hidraw6: USB HID v1.10 Device [RDing TEMPerV1.2] on usb-0000:00:02.1-4.2/input1
* lsusb shows
Bus 002 Device 011: ID 0c45:7401 Microdia

Searching online for 0c45:7401 brought up this cheesily title post: http://www.linuxjournal.com/content/temper-pi

From that post:
 If instead dmesg says this:
[snip]
and lsusb says:
$ lsusb
Bus 001 Device 005: ID 0c45:7401 Microdia
then congratulations, you have the new TEMPer probe and will have to use completely different software. 
While that sounds as if you'll have continue searching for a new how-to, in fact the entire post is about that particular version. So, I followed the instructions at Linux Journal -- I'll just offer my step by step version of it here with some added detail:

sudo apt-get install python-usb python-setuptools snmpd git
sudo easy_install snmp-passpersist
mkdir ~/tmp
cd ~/tmp
git clone git://github.com/padelt/temper-python.git
cd temper-python/
sudo python setup.py install

At this point I could get a temperature reading by doing:
$ sudo temper-poll 
Found 1 devices Device #0: 24.4°C 75.9°F
But running stuff as root is unsatisfying, so I created a UDEV rule:
$ sudo vim /etc/udev/rules.d/80-temper.rules
SUBSYSTEMS=="usb", ATTRS{idVendor}=="0c45", ATTRS{idProduct}=="7401", GROUP="users", MODE="0666"
I then unplugged the USB stick, did
sudo service udev restart

and plugged it back in.
$ temper-poll 
Found 1 devices
Device #0: 25.8°C 78.3°F

Sweet.
Finally, I set up a cronjob that would check the temperature, update a plot and put it in my Dropbox:
$ crontab -e
*/2 * * * * sh /home/me/temper.sh
where temper.sh looks like this:
temp=`/usr/local/bin/temper-poll |grep Device|gawk '{print $3}'|sed 's/°C//'` when=`date +%s` thetime=`date +%D' '%T` if [ -n "$temp" ]; then echo $when $temp $thetime>> /home/me/temper.dat fi gnuplot /home/andy/temper.gplt cp /home/me/temper.eps /home/me/Dropbox
The temper.gplt script looks like this:
set term postscript eps enhanced colour set output 'temper.eps' unset key set ylabel 'Temperature (Celsius)' set border 3 set xtics nomirror set ytics nomirror unset xlabel set xdata time set multiplot set size 0.5,0.45 set origin 0,0.05 set timefmt "%H:%M:%S" set title 'Daily' set xtics 30000 plot 'temper.dat' u 4:2 w points pt 1 ps 0.15 set origin 0.5,0.05 set title 'By Day' set timefmt "%m/%d/%y" set xtics 100000#0 plot 'temper.dat' u 3:2 w points pt 2 ps 0.5 set size 1.0,0.5 set origin 0.0,0.5 set timefmt "%m/%d/%y %H:%M:%S" set xtics 30000 set title 'Log' plot 'temper.dat' u 3:2 w lines
and the plot looks like this:
Temperature in a lab at a leading Australian research institute. In five years they have not been able to fix the air conditioning.  On 01/04 someone pushed a cardboard box against the sensor which lead to a slower change in temperature.

5 comments:

  1. This is so cool! Thanks for your work and contribution! I modded your script to generate temperature complaint data for my office (ha ha!) and more importantly, grab temperatures from around my solar array to determine which tubes to pump and which ones to leave.

    Thanks again!

    ReplyDelete
  2. This is so cool! Thanks for your work and contribution! I modded your script to generate temperature complaint data for my office (ha ha!) and more importantly, grab temperatures from around my solar array to determine which tubes to pump and which ones to leave.

    Thanks again!

    ReplyDelete
  3. Downloading git+https://github.com/walac/pyusb.git#egg=pyusb-1.0.0rc1
    error: Download error for git+https://github.com/walac/pyusb.git: unknown url type: git+https

    ReplyDelete
  4. Scripts aren't working as of 1/12/16
    Downloading git+https://github.com/walac/pyusb.git#egg=pyusb-1.0.0rc1
    error: Download error for git+https://github.com/walac/pyusb.git: unknown url type: git+https

    ReplyDelete
  5. This works on raspberry pi (debian based raspbian) as well. The install script will fail (error: Download error for git+https://github.com/walac/pyusb.git: unknown url type: git+https) but you can download the zip and install pyucb from here https://github.com/walac/pyusb/archive/master.zip. install that then install the temper-python.

    ReplyDelete