Another update (28/1/2013): It seems like your mileage in terms of how well Wine will work for you will vary using this method. It works fine for me and I suspect it's because I've built earlier Wine versions of my systems and have ia32-libs-dev installed. This package is no longer available in Testing. ia32-libs installs the libs you need, but does not provide symlinks between .so and .so.X files -- you can probably do that by hand if necessary though. It's not for beginners.
An additional thing to remember is that the 1.5 series of Wine is a development series -- 1.4 is the stable series which is meant for end users. Progress made in 1.5 will be included in 1.6.
Update2 (26 Jan 2013): there are a couple of issues, and they will depend on how your system is set up.
* libosmesa6-dev:i386 will require mesa-common-dev:i386 which will remove libosmesa6-dev:amd64 and more, which is bad.
* libglu1-mesa-dev:i386 depends on libgl1-mesa-dev:i386 which will remove libgl1-mesa-dev:amd64 and more, which is bad.
* libgstreamer-plugins-base0.10-dev:i386 depends on libgstreamer0.10-dev:i386 which depends on gir1.2-gstreamer-0.10:i386 which depends on gir1.2-freedesktop:i386 which depends on gir1.2-glib-2.0:i386 which depends on libgirepository-1.0-1:i386 which will remove a whole lot of packages (132 on one of my systems, including gnome, gdm3 etc.)
I'm working on figuring out what's triggering this on some systems but not others. Be aware that that doesn't necessarily mean that I will be successful in doing so -- any help is appreciated.
In the mean time see http://verahill.blogspot.com.au/2013/01/308-compiling-wine-1521-on-debian.html to see how to build wine in a chroot, which is safe. You can then install that .deb package on your normal system and HOPEFULLY there won't be any broken dependencies. You won't need the -dev:i386 packages on the install target.
ldd `which wine`so you really don't seem to need much in the way of shared libs installed.linux-gate.so.1 => (0x55573000) libwine.so.1 => /usr/local/lib/libwine.so.1 (0x55576000) libpthread.so.0 => /lib32/libpthread.so.0 (0x556ec000) libc.so.6 => /lib32/libc.so.6 (0x55705000) libdl.so.2 => /lib32/libdl.so.2 (0x55867000)
Old Update: This build is safe now, and there are no remaining errors (i.e. opencl has been taken care of) (see update2 above for more recent information)
I've been building wine (e.g. http://verahill.blogspot.com.au/2012/12/building-wine-1519-on-debian.html) on a system that was set up a few years ago.
Ergo, since ia32libs are on their way out and being replaced by multiarch libs it's time to have a look at what a build from scratch looks like, and what dependencies are needed.
This time we'll build wine the old-fashioned way using configure/make/make install. The biggest challenge was to overcome the annoying
error. The solution to that was simply to install gcc-multilib.configure: error: Cannot build a 32-bit program, you need to install 32-bit development libraries.
To work everything out from scratch I've set up a an amd64 chroot of a clean debian testing/wheezy. , It's increasingly appearing as if this is the easiest and safest thing to do. Hopefully the release of Jessie will get the develop/improvement of multiarch back on the road.
To follow what's new in wine, look here: http://linux.softpedia.com/progChangelog/Wine-Changelog-148.html
|...and the obligatory screenshot|
The chroot environment
Basically as I've shown before:
sudo apt-get install debootstrap coreutils mkdir -p $HOME/tmp/architectures/wine cd $HOME/tmp/architectures sudo debootstrap --arch amd64 testing $HOME/tmp/architectures/wine/ http://ftp.au.debian.org/debian/ sudo chroot wine/ apt-get install locales sudo vim echo 'export LC_ALL="C"'>>/etc/bash.bashrc echo 'export LANG="C"'>>/etc/bash.bashrc source /etc/bash.bashrc adduser winebuild
usermod -g sudo winebuild echo 'Defaults !tty_tickets' >> /etc/sudoers
Edit /etc/hosts and add your hostname (here beryllium) to the end of the line e.g.
127.0.0.1 localhost beryllium
Exit, and the log in again
exit sudo chroot wine
Then change user:
su winebuild cd ~
Change at the very least the country code for the repo above (n red) so that you're using the closest/fastest one.
Set up multiarch (we're using amd64 but also want to support i386). I'm setting this up from scratch.
sudo dpkg --add-architecture i386 sudo apt-get update
Get the wine dependencies:
sudo apt-get install libx11-dev:i386 libfreetype6-dev:i386 libxcursor-dev:i386 libxi-dev:i386 libxxf86vm-dev:i386 libxrandr-dev:i386 libxinerama-dev:i386 libxcomposite-dev:i386 libglu-dev:i386 libosmesa-dev:i386 libglu-dev:i386 libosmesa-dev:i386 libdbus-1-dev:i386 libgnutls-dev:i386 libncurses-dev:i386 libsane-dev:i386 libv4l-dev:i386 libgphoto2-2-dev:i386 liblcms-dev:i386 libgstreamer-plugins-base0.10-dev:i386 libcapi20-dev:i386 libcups2-dev:i386 libfontconfig-dev:i386 libgsm1-dev:i386 libtiff-dev:i386 libpng-dev:i386 libjpeg-dev:i386 libmpg123-dev:i386 libopenal-dev:i386 libldap-dev:i386 libxrender-dev:i386 libxml2-dev:i386 libxslt-dev:i386 libhal-dev:i386 libcurl4-openssl-dev:i386
sudo apt-get install gettext prelink bzip2 bison flex oss4-dev checkinstall ocl-icd-libopencl1:i386 opencl-headers
sudo apt-get install gcc-multilib
mkdir ~/tmp/ wget http://mirrors.ibiblio.org/wine/source/1.5/wine-1.5.21.tar.bz2 -O wine-unstable_1.5.21.orig.tar.bz2 tar xvf wine-unstable_1.5.21.orig.tar.bz2 cd wine-1.5.21/ ./configureconfig.status: executing include/wine commands config.status: executing Makefile commands configure: Finished. Do 'make' to compile Wine.time make -j4
where -j4 is the number threads to launch, normally number of cores+1 (see here). Took around 15 minutes on a 3 core AMD.
to build a .deb package and install it (preferred solution) or
sudo make install
to just install.
Note that while this build works without issue, the transition to multiarch in debian is not complete and you will likely encounter this problem:
If you try to fix it you getp11-kit: couldn't load module: /usr/lib/i386-linux-gnu/pkcs11/gnome-keyring-pkcs11.so: /usr/lib/i386-linux-gnu/pkcs11/gnome-keyring-pkcs11.so: cannot open shared object file: No such file or directory
sudo apt-get install gnome-keyring:i386 libcap-ng0:i386 libgck-1-0:i386 libgcr-3-1:i386 gcr:i386 libcap2-bin:i386This is known. The question is what the consequences of this are -- in this thread it's been suggested that it prevents any program needing to use SSL under wine from working. More at wine HQ here and here. More at Debian here. If I'm reading this right -- and I might not be -- we'll at the least have to wait for gnome-keyring 3.6 to make it out of experimental to sid, then from sid to testing (which is frozen).The following packages have unmet dependencies: libgcr-3-1:i386 : Depends: libgcr-3-common:i386 but it is not installable
For no particular reason I think this may be what's causing issues with the installation of Office 2003 (and a few other programs, including Agilent HP Chemstation).
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